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Tri Vedi Sandhya VandanamProcedure with Summary and MeaningCompiled by P. R. RamachanderIntroductionSandhya Vandanam literally means either Salutation to thegoddess of Dawn and dusk or the prayers done during dawn anddusk. Hindus considered the period just before dawn and justafter dusk as well as the exact period of noon, as extremelysuitable for meditation. All Brahmins after Upanayanam(prescribed to be done at the age of seven), were required to dothese prayers without fail. Essentially these prayers areoffering oblations to devas (arghya pradanam), doing breathingexercises (pranayamam) and then meditating on Gayathri bychanting the king of all manthras Gayathri. This Manthra istaught to every boy by his own father during the ceremony ofbrahmopadesam. After learning Gayathri every boy is supposed tohave taken a second birth and is entitled to be called Dwija.Our scriptures attach lot of importance to Sandhya Vandanam.They prescribe that a dwija should do it without fail every day.They also say that the knowledgeable Brahmin who salutes the Sungod daily thrice would attain whatever he wants. They furthersay that one who does not do sandhyavandanam is a sinner and isnot eligible for any Vedic duties. What is given below is theSandhya Vandanam procedure prescribed for Yajur Vedis. But themanthras to be chanted by followers of the other Vedas is alsomentioned wherever there is a difference. All people arerequested to do the Sandhya Vandanam initially for a few timesunder the guidance of their "Guru" and use the procedure andmanthras given below later. This is requested because Englishbeing not a very phonetic language is inadequate totransliterate Sanskrit slokas and that too those written in theVedic Sanskrit. A summary meaning of all the manthras chanted isappended at the end.Sandhya Vandhanam - Part-I - Argya PradhanamSandhya Vandhana has two parts, the first one normally to bedone either standing in a river or sitting with hunched legs onthe feet outside the house and the second part is done bysitting on firm ground using the lotus pose (Padmasana). It isnormally done facing east during dawn and noon and facing westduring dusk.. 1. Perform Achamanam Take small quantities of water (just sufficient to soak onegrain of black gram) three times in the right hand and take itwith the following manthra:Om Achyuthaya Namah, Om Ananthaya Namah, Om Govindaya Namah.Then Touch with thumb both cheeks saying Kesava - NarayanaTouch with ring finger both eyes saying Madhava - GovindaTouch with the first finger both sides of nose saying Vishno -MadhusoodanaTouch with little finger both ears saying Trivikrama - VamanaTouch with the middle finger both shoulders saying Sreedhara -HrishikesaTouch with all fingers the belly button saying PadmanabhaTouch with all fingers the head saying Damodara2. Ganapathi Dhyanam*:Recite the following manthra slowly hitting the forehead withboth fists together:Shuklambaradharam Vishnum Sasi Varnam ChathurBhujam,Prasanna Vadanam Dyayeth Sarva Vigna Upa Santhaye.*This prayer is not recited by Vaishnavas. They are requested togo to the next section.3. Do Pranayamam:Hold both Nostrils with Thumb and the little and third finger ofthe hands and recite the following Manthra:Om BhooOm BhuvaOgum SuvaOm MahaOm JanaOm ThapaOgum SathyamOm Tat savithur varenyam Bargo devasya dhimahi dhiyo yonaprachodayathOm ApaJyothj rasaAmrutham brahmaBhoorbuvasuvaromTouch the ears three times sayingOm, Om, Om. 4. SankalpamKeep the right palm inside the left palm and keep the palms onthe right thigh and recite the following manthra:Mamo partha samastha duritha kshaya dwara, Sri Parameshwarapreethyartham*,pratha sandhyam upasishye (for madhyannikam instead tell"madhyaynikam karishye" and for evening sandhya vandhanam tell"sayam sandhyam upasishye")*Vaishnavas may instead tell "shri bhagavadaagnaayaashriimannaaraayana priityartham".5. Marjanam Sri Kesavaya Namah (write OM in water with the ring finger)Recite the following ten manthras. While reciting the firstseven sprinkle water on the head, while reciting the eighthtouch the feet, nine again sprinkle on the head and complete byreciting the tenth with Take little water on your right palm andthrow around your head in clockwise direction like pradakshinam:Aapo hishta mayo bhuva (1) thana oorje dadha thana (2) Maheranaaya chakshase (3) Yova shiva thamo rasa (4) Thasya bhajayathehana (5) usatheeriva mathara (6) Thasma aranga mamava (7) Yasya kshayaya jinwadha (8)Aapo janayadha jana (9) Om bhorbuvassuva (10)6. PraasanamTake in the hand small quantity of water in the palm (justsufficient to immerse one grain) recites the following manthraand drink it while telling "swaha".Morning (Pratha Sandhya)For Rig Vedis and Yajur vedisSooryascha ma manyuscha manyu patayascha manyukruthebhya. Paapebhyo rakshanthamYad rathrya papa ma karshamManasa vacha hasthabhyam padbhyam udarena sisnaaRathri sthadha valumbathuYad kincha duritham mayiIdham aham mam amrutha yonauSoorya jyothishi juhomi swahaFor Sama VedisAhascha maa adithyascha punathu swahaNoon (Madhyahnika)Aapa punanthu prithweem, prithwee pootha punathu maamPunanthu brahmanaspathir brahma pootha punathu maamYad uchishta mabhojyam yadhwa ducharitham mamaSarvam punanthu mamopa asatham cha prathigraham swahaEvening (Sayam Sandhya)For Yajur and Rik VedisAgnischa ma manyuscha manyu pathayascha manyu kruthebhyaPapebhyo rakshanthamYadahna papama karsham Manasa vaacha hasthabhyam Padbhyam udarena sisnaAhasthada valumbathuYad kinchid duritham mayiIdamaham maam amrutha yonauSathye jyothishi juhomi swahaFor Sama VedisRathrischa ma varunascha punathu swaha.7. AchamanamUse the same manthras and action as given in "1" above8. Punar MarjanamRecite the following fourteen manthras. While reciting the firsteleven-sprinkle water on the head, while reciting the twelfthtouch the feet, thirteen again sprinkle on the head and completeby reciting the fourteenth with Take little water on your rightpalm and throw around your head in clockwise direction likepradakshinam:Dadhi kravinno akarisham (1) Jishno raswasya vajina (2)surabhino mukha karaath (3) Prana ayugumshi tharishath (4) Aapohishta mayo bhuva (5) Thana oorje dadha Thana (6) Mahe ranaayachakshase (7) Yova shiva thamo rasa (8) Thasya bhajaya thehana(9) usatheeriva mathara (10) Thasma aranga mamava (11) Yasya kshayaya jinwadha (12) Aapo janayadha jana (13) Om bhorbuvassuva (14)Some Rik vedis after doing this punar marjanam recite thefollowing manthra with little water in hand, smell the water andpour it in southwesterly direction.Ruthancha sathyancha thapasodyadha thadho rathri jayatha thadasamudhro arnavaaSamudhradarnavaa dadhi samvadvaro ajayatha.Aho rathraani vidhathat viswasya mishadho vasi.Soorya chandrama sow dhatha yadha poorva magalpayath.Divancha prithweem santharishmatho Suva.9. Argya PradhanamJoin both hands together and take hand full of water taking carenot to join both thumbs with other fingers (facing east duringPratha Sandhya, facing north during Madyannikam, and facing westduring Sayam Sandhya) repeat the following manthra and pour it,thrice during pratha sandhya, twice during Madhyannikam andtwice during Sayam sandhya:Om Bhorbuvassuva. Tatsa vithur varenyam bhargo devasya deemahi.Dhiyo yona prachodayathRik vedis in all the three times offer three argyas alwaysstanding.10. Prayaschitha ArgyamDo Pranayama (refer S. No. 3 above)Then offer one more Argyam in a similar fashion as above. Thisis a Prayaschitha (atonement) for doing the argya pradhanamlate. Take small quantity of water in the right hand and rotateit above ones own head saying (this is called Athmaparishechanam)Om BhorbuvassuvaRik and Sama Vedis use a different manthra for thisprayachithargyam:Morning (Pratha Sandhya)Om yadathya gacha vruthrahan. Udayaa abhisoorya sarvaandathindra they vache.Noon (Madyannikam)Om uthkedthbhi sruthamagam vrushabham naryabasimAstharameshi sooryaEvening (Sayam Sandhya)Om na thasya maya yachanaRipureeseetha marthya yo agnaye dathacha havyadathaye (Rik vedisend it as havyadathibhi)11. IkyaanusandhanamWith both hands touch the middle of the chest, close the eyes,meditate and chantAsaavadhityo brahma. BrahamaivahamasmiThen do Achamanam.12. Deva TharpanamSit facing east during pratha sandhya, facing north duringmadhyannikam, and facing east during sayam sandhya, take waterin the hand and pour it out through its tips after each manthra.Take care to take water separately each time.Aadithyam tharpayamiSomam tharpayamiAngarakam tharpayamiBudham tharpayamiBrahaspathim tharpayamiShukram tharpayamiSanaiswaram tharpayamiRahum tharpayamiKethum tharpayamiKesavam tharpayamiNarayanam tharpayamiMadhavam tharpayamiGovindam tharpayamiVishnum tharpayamiMadhusoodhanam tharpayamiTrivikramam tharpayamiVamanam tharpayamiSreedharam tharpayamiHrishikesam tharpayamiPadmanabham tharpayamiDamodharam tharpayamiThen do aachamanamThus ends the first part of Sandhya VandanaSandhyavandhanam - Part-II - JapamThis is done sitting cross-legged or in the Padmasana pose,sitting on a mat or wooden Palagai placed on the floor either onthe shores of the river or inside the house. This is done facingeast during pratha sandhya, facing north during madyannikam andfacing west during sayam sandhya.1. Japa SankalpamRecite the following manthra slowly hitting the forehead withboth fists together:Shuklambaradharam Vishunum Sasi Varnam ChathurBhujam,Prasanna Vadanam Dyayeth Sarva Vigna Upa Santhaye.*This prayer is not recited by Vaishnavas.They are requested togo to the next section.Do Pranayamam. Hold both Nostrils with Thumb and the little and third finger ofthe hands and recite the following Manthra:Om BhooOm BhuvaOgum SuvaOm MahaOm JanaOm ThapaOgum SathyamOm Tat savithur varenyam Bargo devasya dhimahi dhiyo yonaprachodayathOm ApaJyothj rasaAmrutham brahmaBhoorbuvasuvaromTouch the ears three times sayingOm, Om, OmKeep the right palm inside the left palm and keep the palms onthe right thigh and recite the following manthra:Mamo partha samastha duritha kshaya dwara, Sri Parameshwarapreethyartham*,pratha sandhya gayathri maha manthra japam karishye (formadhyannikam instead tell "madhyaynika gayathri maha manthrajapam karishye" and for evening sandhya vandhanam tell "sayamsandhya gayathri maha manthra japam karishye")*Vaishnavas may instead tell "shri bhagavadaagyayaashriimannaaraayana priityartham"2. Pranava JapamPranavasya Rishi Brahma (touch the forehead with fingers), Devigayathri Chanda (touch below the nose), Paramathma devatha(touch the middle of the chest)Bhooradhi saptha vyahrudeenam athri - brugu - kuthsa - vasishta- gowthama - kasyapa - aangeerasa rishaya (touch forhead)Gayathree - ushnig - anushtup - brahathi - pankthi- trushtup-jagathi - chandamsi (touch below the nose)Agni - vayu - arka - vageesa - varuna - indra - viswe deva -devatha (touch the middle of the chest.)Do pranayama as given below ten times:Hold both Nostrils with Thumb and the little and third finger ofthe hands and recite the following Manthra:Om BhooOm BhuvaOgum SuvaOm MahaOm JanaOm ThapaOgum SathyamOm Tat savithur varenyam Bargo devasya dhimahi dhiyo yonaprachodayathOm ApaJyothj rasaAmrutham brahmaBhoorbuvasuvaromTouch the ears three times sayingOm, Om, Om3. Gayathri AvahanamAayadithya anuvagasya vamadeva rishi (touch head), Anushtupchanda (touch below nose), Gayathri devatha (touch the middle ofthe chest)Aayathu varada devi aksharam brahma samhitham.Gayathri chandasam mathedam brahma jushaswana.Oojosi, sahosi, balamasi, brajosi, devaanaam dhama naamaasi.viswamasi,viswayu sarvamasi, sarvayu abhipoorom, Gayathrim avahayami,Savithrim avahayami, saraswathim avahayami (while reciting thelast three manthras, after avahayami, keep both the palmstogether with little fingers touching and then slowly take thefingers towards oneself, and bring it back to original positionafter one rotation)For Rik VedisOm ithyekaksharam brahma. Agnir devatha brahma. IthyarshamGayathram chandam paramathmam swaroopam Sayjyam viniyogamAayathu varada devi akshatram brahma samhitham.Gayathri chandasam mathedam brahma jushaswana.Oojosi, sahosi, balamasi, brajosi, devaanaam dhama naamaasi.viswamasi,viswayu sarvamasi, sarvayu abhipoorom, Gayathrim avahayami,Savithrim avahayamisaraswathim avahayami, chanda rishinaam avahayami, Sriyamavahayami, Gayathrya gayathrischando viswamithra rishi (touchforehead), savitha devatha (touch below nose), Agnir mugambrahma, siro Vishnu, hrudaya Rudra, shikaa pruthvi, yoni pranaapana vyano dana samano sapranaa, Swetha varna, sankhyayanasagothra, gayathri cha dur visathyakshara tripada shadrushipancha seershopanayane viniyoga.4. Gayathri NyasamSavithrya rishi brahma (touch the forehead), nichrud gayathrichanda (touch below the nose), savitha devatha (touch the middleof the chest)5. Gayathri JapamRepeat 108 times the Gayathri facing east in the morning, westin the evening:Om Bhur Vhuvah SvahTat Savitur VarenyamBhargo Devasya DheemahiDhiyo Yo Nah Prachodayat[take care that the manthra is not heard to any one and ifpossible without the lips moving. The counting is done by usingjapa mala or counting 10 with using the thumb the ten phalangesexcept the bottom two of the ring finger. Some people insistthat the counting should not be known to others and cover thecounting hand with towel.]Some people repeat Gayathri manthra only 54 times duringmadhayannikam.6. Gayathri UpasthanamDo pranayamam and then stand up and chantFacing the same direction:Pratha sandhyam upasthanam karishye (during pratha sandhya)Adithyam upasthanam karishye (during madyannikam)Sayam sandhyaupasthanam karishye (during sayam sandhya)Then repeatUthame shikare devi, bhoomyam parvatha vardhini,Brahmanebhyo anugnanam, gacha devi yada sukham.7. Surya UpasthanamDuring morning (Pratha Sandhya)For Yajur VedisMithrasya charshanee drutha sravo devasya saanaseem,Sathyam chithra sravasthamamMithro janan yathayathi prajanan mithro dhadhara prithveemudadhyam.Mithra krushti ranimisha bichashte sathyaya havyam krudavathvidhemaPrasa mithra martho aasthu prayaswan yastha adithya sikshathivrathenaNa hanyathe na jeeyathe thwotho naina manho asnoth yanthitho nadoorathFor Rik VedisMithrasya charshani drutho aavo devasya sanaasiDyumNamah chitra sravasthamamMithro janan yathayathi bruvaano mithro dathaara prithveemudathyamMithra srushtir nimishaa abhishte mithraaya havyam gruthavajjuhodhaPrasamithra martho asthu prayaswaan yastha adhithya sikshathivruthenaNa hanyathe, na jeeyathe dwotho sanNamah aho asnodhyanthitho nadoorathJatha vedase sunavaama soma marathi yadho nitha hadhi vedaSa na parshathathi durgaani viswaa naaveva sindhum durithathyagniPisanga brushti mam brunam pisasi mindra sam mrunaSarvam raksho nibarhaya (rotate hand over face)Badhram karnobhi srunyama deva Badhram pasye makmaa akshabir yajathraaSthirai rangaisdushtuvaangsathaubhiVyasema deva hitham yadayu (touch ears)Kesya agnim kesee visham kesi pibarthi rodaniKesi viswam swarduche keseetham jyothi ruchyathe (touch hair)For Sama VedisYaso aham bhavami brahmananaam yaso ragnam yaso visaamYasa sathyasya bhavamiBhavami yasasaam yasaAdithya naava maroksham poornamparipadinimAchithram bharayishnaveem satharithraam swasthye om Namahadithyaya Udyantham dwa aadithyanu deeyasamDuring Noon (Madyaneekam)For Yajur VedisAasathyena rajasa varthamano nivesayan amrutham marthyanchaHiranyena savitha rathena aaadevo yathi bhuvana vipasyamUdvayam thamasaparee pasyantho jyothirutharamDevam devathra soorya maganma jyothiruthamamUduthyam jatha vedasam devam vahanthi kethavaDruse viswaya sooryaChithram devaana mudagaa daneekam chakshu mithrasya varunasyagneAa praa dyaava pruthvi aanthareeksha soorya aathmajagathasthushachaTachakshur deva hitham purasthath chakra mucharathFor Rik VedisAakrushno na rajasa varthamano nivesayan amrutham marthyanchaHiranyayena savitha ratheno devo yadhi bhuvanani pasyanThachakshur devahitham purasthaschakra mucharathPasyema sarada sathamJeevema sarada sathamHamsa suchishath vasur anathreeksha sath hotha vedishadathirdrona sathNrushatvarasath ruthasath vyomaasa thabja koja ruthaja adrijarutham bruhathUduthyam jatha vedasam devam vahanthi kethavaDruse viswaya sooryamApathye dayavo yada nakshatrayandyakthubhiSooraaya viswa chakshaseChithran devanam udagadaneekam chakshur mithrasya varunasyagneAapradyava pruthvee anthareeksha soorya athma jagatha sthasdushachaThat sooryasya devathvam than mahithwamMadhya karthor vidhatham sancha bharaYadeda yuktha haridas sadasthath Aadrathri vasa sthanu they simasmaiThan mithrasya varunasya abhi chaksheSooryo roopam grunuthe dyo roopastheFor Sama VedisAadhithya navamaroksham poorna maparipaddhineemAcchithram bharayishnaveem sadarithraam swasthayeOm Namah adithyaya, Namah adhithyaya, Namah adhithyayaUduthyam jatha vedasam devam vahanthi kethavaDruse viswaya sooryamChithram devaanam udaganeekam chakshur mithrasya varunasyagneAa pra dyava pruthvi anthareeksha soorya athma jagadas thadushachaThachkshur deva hitham purasthac chukramussarthOm bhorbuvaswaromSoorya iva druse bhooyasam agneeriva thejasa, vayuriva pranena,soma iva ganthena, brahaspathher iva budhya, aswina iva roopena,indragni iva balena, brahma bhaga evaham bhooyasam paap mabhagame dwishantha.During Evening (Sayam Sandhya)For Yajur VedisImam me varuna sruthi hava Madhya cha mrudayaThvaam mavsyu rachakeTathwayami brahmana vandamanas thadhasaasthe yajamano havirbhiAhedamano varuneha bhodyurusa sa maa na aayu pramoshiYacchidithe visho yadha pradheva varuna vrathamMinimasi dyavi dyaviYat kinchedam varuna daivye jane abhidroham manushyascharamasiAchithee yath thava dharma yoyopima maa nasthasma thenaso devareerishaKitha vaso yad riripur na dheevi yad vagha Sathya muthayannavidhmaSarvaa thaa vishya sithireva devathaa the syama varuna priyasaFor Rik VedisImam me varuna sruthi hava Madhya cha mrudayaThvaam mavsyu rachakeTathwayami brahmana vandamanas thadhasaasthe yajamano havirbhiAhedamano varuneha bhodyurusa sa maa na aayu pramoshiYacchidithe visho yadha pradheva varuna vrathamMinimasi dyavi dyaviYat kinchedam varuna daivye jane abhidroham manushyascharamasiAchithee yath thava dharma yoyopima maa nasthasma thenaso devareerishaKitha vaso yad riripur na dheevi yad vagha Sathya muthayannavidhmaSarvaa thaa vishya sithireva devathaa the syama varuna priyasaJatha vedis sunavaama soma maarathi yadho nitha hadhi VedaSa na parshathathi durgaani viswaa naaveva sindhum durithathyagniPisanga brushti mam brunam pisasi mindra sam mrunaSarvam raksho nibarhaya (rotate h


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